The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Russia in the Bible?
Our attention is centered upon Ezekiel 38. This chapter, which is often linked with Daniel 11, has been a particular focus for Bible students in all ages. And no wonder, for it is one of the most dramatic chapters in the Bible. It portrays God’s people of Israel gathered back to their own land in the latter days, and then being attacked by a large confederate army led by Gog of the land of Magog. The main invading force comes from the north. The AV says they come from “the north parts”, but more recent translations render this as “far north” or “the recesses of the north” or “uttermost parts of the north”.
The Gogian Invasion: Before or After Jesus’ Return?
Question: Do the events in Ezekiel 38 and 39 — the Gogian invasion — begin before or after the return of Christ?
Laws Concerning King Messiah and the Times of the End
The sages said: “There is no difference between the present age and the Messianic era but [delivery from] subjection to foreign powers.”
Some Difficult Passages: “Them That Dwell Safely"
The problem is not a new one. In Ezekiel 38 there is a prophecy about a group of nations under the leadership of a power named Gog, invading Israel from the north. This is obviously a latter-day prophecy, and many are convinced that the time for its fulfilment has come. Indeed, several things seem to point to this conclusion. After hundreds of years of exile, the nation of Israel is established in the land again. To the north, poised for action, is a great power. This great power is known to have designs on Israel, and it commands a number of satellite nations, just like Gog of Ezekiel 38.
Do Ezekiel 38 and Daniel 11 Refer to the Same Events?
A satisfactory and comprehensive understanding of Daniel 11:40-45 has hitherto been prevented owing to the generally accepted idea that this prophecy and that of Ezekiel 38 both refer to the same specified power, time and event; but in the opinion of several students of prophecy, this is by no means the case. In his “Exposition of Daniel,”¹ even Dr. [John] Thomas appears to have experienced some difficulty in reconciling these predictions.
World War 2 and the Rise of Russia
The Second World War was thrust upon Europe by Germany in August 1939. Mr. Churchill again and again had warned this country of Hitler’s intentions, but all in vain as the then Prime Minister, Mr. Neville Chamberlain was the chief apostle of “appeasement” and did not see the obvious danger. Only nine months before the war, Churchill referred to Hitler’s anti-Christian philosophy in these words: “This is a power which turns Christian ethics, which clears its course by barbarian paganism, which vaunts the spirit of conquest, which derives its strength from perverted persecution.”
Region of Gog, the second of the “sons” of Japheth (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5). In Ezekiel (38:2; 39:6) it is the name of a nation, probably some Scythian or Tartar tribe descended from Japheth. They are described as skilled horsemen, and expert in the use of the bow. The Latin father Jerome says that this word denotes “Scythian nations, fierce and innumerable, who live beyond the Caucasus and the Lake Maeotis, and near the Caspian Sea, and spread out even onward to India.” Perhaps the name “represents the Assyrian Mat Gugi, or ‘country of Gugu,’ the Gyges of the Greeks” (Sayce’s Races, etc.).
gog (גּוג, gōgh; Γούγ, Goúg):
mā ́gog (מגוג, māghōgh; Μαγώγ, Magṓg): Named among the sons of Japheth (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5). Ezekiel uses the word as equivalent to “land of Gog” (Ezekiel 38:2; 39:6). Josephus identifies the Magogites with the Scythians (Ant., I, vi, 1). From a resemblance between the names Gog and Gyges (Gugu), king of Lydia, some have suggested that Magog is Lydia; others, however, urge that Magog is probably only a variant of Gog (Sayce in HDB). In the Apocalypse of John, Gog and Magog represent all the heathen opponents of Messiah (Revelation 20:8), and in this sense these names frequently recur in Jewish apocalyptic literature.
(ראשׁ, rō'sh; Ῥώς, Rhṓs, variant (Q margin) κεφαλῆς, kephalḗs; Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) capiris):
Ma’gog, (Heb. Magog’, מָגוֹג, region of Gog [see below]; Sept. Μαγώγ, Vulg. Magog), the second son of Japhet (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5). B.C. post 2514. “Various etymologies of the name have been suggested. Knobel (Vilke: t. p. 63) proposes the Sanscrit mah or malha, ‘great,’ and a Persian word signifying ’ mountain,’ in which case the reference would be to the Caucasian range. The terms ghogh and noghef are still applied to some of the heights of that range. This etymology is supported by Von Bohlen (Introd. to Genesis 2:211). On the other hand, Hitzig (Comm. in Ez.) connects the first syllable with the Coptic ma, ‘place,’ or the Sanscrit maha, ‘land,’ and the second with a Persian root, koka, ’ the moon,’ as though the term had reference to moon-worshippers.” In Ezekiel (38:2; 39:6) it occurs as the name of a nation, and, from the associated names in all the passages where it occurs, it is supposed to represent certain Scythian or Tartar tribes descended from the son of Japhet. SEE ETHNOLOGY. Thus, in Genesis, it is coupled with Gomer (the Cimmerians) and Madai (the Medes), among the Japhetites, while Ezekiel joins it with Meshech and Jubal (נָשַׂיא ראֹשׁ, “chief prince,” should be
Japhetite (also Japhethitic, Japhetic) in Abrahamic religions is an historical obsolete term for the peoples supposedly descended from Japheth, one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible. The other two sons of Noah, Shem and Ham, are the eponymous ancestors of the Semites and the Hamites, respectively.