The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Help with Old Testament Allusions
...Of much greater value are the instances when the Septuagint helps appreciably with the understanding of obscure passages. “Beware of dogs, beware of the concision,” wrote Paul in curt contempt (Philippians 3:2). It was obviously a slighting reference to Judaists with their confidence in circumcision (see v. 3). But the point of it comes out so much more when the same Greek word is traced to the ordeal of Elijah on mount Carmel. Then the priests of Baal sought to commend themselves to the attention of their god by the way they “cut themselves... with knives and lancets” (1 Kings 18:28). To liken dedicated Judaists to such men was an act of temerity. Yet what fundamental difference was there? For these zealots for the Law also sought the favour of Jehovah by “cutting themselves with knives and lancets.”
Of Cephas: A Third Party (Judaizers?)
Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ. (1 Corinthians 1:12)
The Lingering Attachment to Judaism
Christianity is a Jewish religion, a fact which many people overlook. We can be even more dogmatic and say that Christianity is the Jewish religion, while orthodox Judaism is but the husk from which the true faith has emerged. This wonderful metamorphosis was brought about by the life-work of the Lord Jesus Christ, himself a Jew. Those who carried on the good work of spreading the joyful news were likewise of the seed of Israel, and the nucleus of the Church in its infancy was composed largely, if not entirely, of Jews. The central idea of the Christian belief—the political institution of God’s Kingdom on this earth by the Messiah—is also the leading theme in the hope of the Jew. Prophecies which tell of the glorious future which will overtake Jerusalem and its inhabitants are revered alike by Jew and Christian. Both accept the same Scriptures—the Old Testament.
Ebionites (Greek: Ἐβιωναῖοι Ebionaioi, derived from Hebrew אביונים ebyonim, ebionim, meaning “the poor” or “poor ones”), is a patristic term referring to a Jewish Christian movement that existed during the early centuries of the Christian Era. They regarded Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah while rejecting his divinity and insisted on the necessity of following Jewish law and rites. They used only one of the Jewish–Christian gospels, revered James the brother of Jesus (James the Just), and rejected Paul the Apostle as an apostate from the Law. Their name suggests that they placed a special value on voluntary poverty. Ebionim was one of the terms used by the sect at Qumran that sought to separate themselves from the corruption of the Temple. Many believe that they were Essenes.