The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Golgotha: the site of Golgotha and Garden Tomb. What do we know about the site of the tomb?
David and the Head of Goliath of Gath
Everyone knows the story of David and Goliath. Many are probably not aware, however, of what happened next. That was the subject of James Hoffmeier’s recent lecture at the Bible and Archaeology Fest. “Exploring David’s Strange Antics after Defeating Goliath” looked specifically at 1 Samuel 17:53-54:
Golgatha: The Word Symbolizes A Beautiful Reality!
In the Gospels we read that our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified for our sins at a place called “Golgotha.”
The Road to Golgotha
“And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull.”
The common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is interpreted by the evangelists as meaning “the place of a skull” (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). This name represents in Greek letters the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth (Numbers 1:2; 1 Chronicles 23:3, 24; 2 Kings 9:35), meaning “a skull.” It is identical with the word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull. It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot outside the gate (comp. Hebrews 13:12), and near the city (Luke 23:26), containing a “garden” (John 19:41), and on a thoroughfare leading into the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within the present “Church of the Holy Sepulchre.” The hillock above Jeremiah’s Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable.
gol ́gō̇-tha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgothá, from “a skull”): In three references (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) it is interpreted to mean κρανίου τόπος, kraníou tópos, “the place of a skull.” In Luke 23:33 the King James Version it is called “Calvary,” but in the Revised Version simply “The skull.” From the New Testament we may gather that it was outside the city (Hebrews 13:12), but close to it (John 19:20), apparently near some public thoroughfare (Matthew 27:39), coming from the country (Mark 15:21). was a spot visible, from some points, from afar (Mark 15:40; Luke 23:49).
hed (רֹאשׁ, rō'sh, Aramaic, רֵאשׁ, rē'sh, and in special sense גּלגּלת, gulgōleth, literally, “skull,” “cut-off head” (1 Chronicles 10:10), whence Golgotha (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17); מראשׁה, mera'ăshāh, literally, “head-rest,” “pillow,” “bolster” (1 Kings 19:6); קדקד, ḳodhḳōdh, literally, crown of the head (Deuteronomy 28:35; 33:16, 33:20; 2 Samuel 14:25; Isaiah 3:17; Jeremiah 48:45); בּרזל, barzel, “the head of an axe” (Deuteronomy 19:5, the Revised Version margin “iron”; 2 Kings 6:5); להבה, lehābhāh, להבת, lahebheth, “the head of a spear” (1 Samuel 17:7); κεφαλή, kephalḗ): The first-mentioned Hebrew word and its Aramaic form are found frequently in their literal as well as metaphorical sense. We may distinguish the following meanings:
Gol’gotha, (Γολγοθᾶ, for Aram. גֻּלִגִּלתָּא, Gulgalta ́ [comp. Heb. גֻּלגֹּלֶת, 2 Kings 9:35], the skull, as being globular; the Syr. version has gogulta), the vulgar name of the spot where Jesus emas crucified, and interpreted by the evangelists as meaning “the place of a skull,” and hence interpreted by the equivalent term CALVARY (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17).
Christ Nailed to the Cross (1803 watercolor)
Christ on the Cross
The Crucified Christ (ca. 1788 etching and engraving on laid paper)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1460 mixed method on panel)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1480 mixed method on panel)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1480 oil on panel)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1490 mixed method on pine panel)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1613 oil on canvas)
The Crucifixion (ca. 1634 oil on canvas)
Disrobing Of Christ
The First Nail (Le Premier Clou)
Forgive Them, For They Know Not What They Do
The Four Guards Sat Down and Watched Him
Golgotha (1869 oil on canvas)
Golgotha (1922 oil on linoleum)
Ihesus Christus, Spes Unica (stained glass)
Jesus Attache a la Croix
Jesus Being Crucified (1905)
Jesus in Golgotha
Jesus Is Crucified
Jesus is Nailed to the Cross (1917)
Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
Jesus Nailed to the Cross (reverse embroidery mola)
Jesus Nailed to the Cross
Jesus Sera en Agonie Jusq’a la fin du Monde
Nailing to the Cross (Small Passion) (1511 woodcut)
The Nail for the Feet (Le clou des pieds)
Reconstruction of Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre
Sous un Jesus en Croix Ooublie la (1927)
Viac Cochabamba Bo
Calvary, also Golgotha /ˈgɒlgəθə/, was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem’s walls where Jesus was crucified. Golgotha(s) (Greek: Γολγοθᾶ; alternative later form Γολγοθᾶς) is the Greek transcription in the New Testament of an Aramaic term that has traditionally been presumed to be Gûlgaltâ (but see below for an alternative). The Bible translates the term to mean place of [the] skull, which in Greek is Κρανίου Τόπος (Kraníou Tópos), and in Latin is Calvariæ Locus, from which the English word Calvary is derived.