The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
How Tall Was Goliath?
According to the Masoretic Text of the Old Testament¹ Goliath was six cubits and a span tall, 3.2 metres (9 feet, 6 inches), if measured by the 18 inch cubit, and 3.5 metres (just over 11 feet), if the 21 inch cubit is used. This is a height which is not only highly unlikely for any Iron Age man,² but far beyond what would have been considered a giant at the time.
Myth-busting Gladwell’s Goliath
For many Bible students the workplace occupies much of our waking lives, and it is inevitable that the subjects of religion, belief and spirituality will eventually become a subject of discussion with co-workers. Whilst this is undoubtedly a fantastic opportunity to witness our faith, I often engage in such discourse with a level of apprehension.
Giants are the monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures. The word giant, coined in 1297, was derived from the gigantes (Greek: γίγαντες) of Greek mythology.
gō̇-lī ́ath (גּלית, golyāth; Γολιάθ, Goliáth):
nef ́i-lim (נפילים, nephīlīm): This word, translated “giants” in the King James Version, but retained in the Revised Version, is found in two passages of the Old Testament—one in Genesis 6:4, relating to the antediluvians; the other in Numbers 13:33, relating to the sons of Anak in Canaan. In the former place the Nephilim are not necessarily to be identified with the children said to be borne “the daughters of men” to “the sons of God” (Genesis 6:2, 6:4); indeed, they seem to be distinguished from the latter as upon the earth before this unholy commingling took place (see SONS OF GOD). But it is not easy to be certain as to the interpretation of this strange passage. In the second case they clearly represent men of gigantic stature, in comparison with whom the Israelites felt as if they were “grasshopers.” This agrees with Genesis 6:4, “the mighty men that were of old, the men of renow.” Septuagint, therefore, was warranted in translating by gígantes.
Giant These beings of unusual height are found in the early history of all nations, sometimes of a purely human origin, but more frequently supposed to have partaken also, in some way, of the supernatural and the divine. The scriptural history is not without its giants, and the numerous theories and disputes which have arisen in consequence render it necessary to give a brief view of some of the main opinions and curious inferences to which the mention of them leads. The English word has several representatives in the original Hebrew.
David and Goliath (15th c. illumination)
David Confronted with Goliath (1556 engraving)
David Faces Goliath
David Faces Goliath
David Inquiring After Goliath’s Challenge (1556 engraving)
David Slays Goliath
Acromegaly is a condition that results from excess growth hormone (GH) after the growth plates have closed. The initial symptom is typically enlargement of the hands and feet. There may also be enlargement of the forehead, jaw, and nose. Other symptoms may include joint pain, thicker skin, deepening of the voice, headaches, and problems with vision. Complications of the disease may include type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and high blood pressure.
Gigantism, also known as giantism (from Greek γίγας gigas, “giant,” plural γίγαντες gigantes), is a condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average. In humans, this condition is caused by over-production of growth hormone in childhood resulting in people between 7 feet (2.13 m) and 9 feet (2.75 m) in height.
Goliath (/gəˈlaɪəθ/; Hebrew: גָּלְיָת, Modern Golyat, Tiberian Golyāṯ; Arabic: ?????, Ǧālūt (Qur’anic term), ????? Ǧulyāt (Christian term)) of Gath (one of five city states of the Philistines) was a giant Philistine warrior defeated by the young David, the future king of Israel. The story is told in the Bible’s Books of Samuel (1 Samuel 17).