The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Genealogies of Jesus
Two of the four gospel records — Matthew and Luke — record in detail the events of Christ’s birth. The same two give detailed genealogies.
The phrase “genealogy” or “generation(s) of...” occurs fourteen times in the whole Bible, eleven times in Genesis, twice more in the Old Testament, and finally this, as might be expected, the fourteenth time: Matthew 1:17.
The Claim of Jesus to the Throne of David
Question: The scriptures clearly state the claim of Jesus to the throne of David. This claim was through Solomon and eventually through Jehoiakim and Jeconiah. Both Jehoiakim and Jeconiah were cursed by God and told that they would have no physical descendants who would prosper on the throne of David. How can this seeming contradiction be reconciled?
Why Are There Different Genealogies For Jesus In Matthew 1 And Luke 3?
Both Matthew 1 and Luke 3 contain genealogies of Jesus. But there is one problem—they are different. Luke’s genealogy starts at Adam and goes to David. Matthew’s genealogy starts at Abraham and goes to David. When the genealogies arrive at David, they split with David’s sons: Nathan (Mary’s side?) and Solomon (Joseph’s side). There are differences of opinion with two main options being offered. The first is that one genealogy is for Mary and the other is for Joseph. It was customary to mention the genealogy through the father even though it was clearly known that it was through Mary.
Crawling Creatures on Our Tails
If you were to open your Bible and turn to the very first page of the New Testament, you would be greeted with a genealogy. Specifically, you would be greeted with the genealogy of Jesus, all the way from Abraham down to Joseph, the husband of Mary. Often people complain about all the genealogies that one finds in the Bible—you know, all the “begats” that one encounters. Such as, “So and so lived so many years and begat so and so, who lived so many years and begat so and so, etc...” And so goes what many people would often call the boring parts of the Bible.
Laws Concerning King Messiah: The New Era Ushered In
In the era of the Messianic King, when his kingdom will be established and all of Israel will gather around him, all of them will have their pedigree determined by him, by means of the Holy Spirit that will rest upon him, as it is said, “He will sit as a refiner and purifier.” First he will purify the descendants of Levi, saying “This one is a legitimate Kohen (priest), and this one is a legitimate Levite,” while diverting those of improper lineage to the [rank of] Israelites. Thus it is said, “The governor [Nehemiah] said to them… until there will rise a Kohen with the Urim and Tumim;” from this you can infer that the determination of presumed pedigree and the public declaration of lineage is by means of the Holy Spirit.
Some Difficult Passages: The Genealogies of Matthew and Luke
The genealogy of Matthew 1 poses a number of problems. Before attempting to resolve some of these problems — before even stating them — let us remind ourselves of the simple facts.
Vayeishev — The Scandal of Judah and Tamar
In Parshas Vayeishev we encounter the difficult story of Judah and Tamar. The verses (Genesis 38:15-16) state:
From Zerubbabel to Jesus
The list of Zerubbabel’s posterity in 1 Chronicles 3:19-24 is somewhat confused. Perhaps its statements may be harmonized with themselves and with the New Testament genealogies, if the entire passage read thus:
Was the Mother of Jesus of the Tribe of Levi?
A Monmouthshire [U.K.] lady reader takes exception to the statement of our colleague in the March, 1947, Testimony, page 92, that “Luke traces the genealogy of Jesus by the line of his mother,” and asks, “Where is Mary’s name mentioned?”
The Seed of David
“The generations of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham.”
The Genealogies of Jesus
With the exception of the period from Abraham to David, the two long lists of names giving the ancestry of Jesus are almost entirely different, and therefore apart from a few general principles it will be necessary to consider the details of Matthew 1 and Luke 3 separately.
Purpose of the Three Triads of Fourteen Generations
“…fourteen generations …fourteen generations …fourteen generations.” (Matthew 1:17)
The Chronology of Jesus
The leading chronological questions connected with the life of Jesus are discussed in detail elsewhere (CHRONOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT; QUIRINIUS, etc.); here it is sufficient to indicate the general scheme of dating adopted in the present article, and some of the grounds on which it is preferred. The chief questions relate to the dates of the birth and baptism of Jesus, the duration of the ministry and the date of the crucifixion.
Genealogy from Abraham to Jesus (17th c. etching)
Genealogy from Abraham to Jesus
Genealogy from Adam to Christ
Genealogy of Jesus (ca. 1531, Ottheinrich Bible)
The Tree of Jesse (illuminated page)
Genealogy of Jesus
The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke. Matthew’s starts with Abraham, while Luke begins with Adam. The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. Traditional Christian scholars (starting with the historian Eusebius) have put forward various theories that seek to explain why the lineages are so different, such as that Matthew’s account follows the lineage of Joseph, while Luke’s follows the lineage of Mary. Modern biblical scholars such as Marcus J. Borg and John Dominic Crossan see both genealogies as inventions, conforming to Jewish literary convention.