The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Gift of Holy Spirit
Can we determine exactly what was the “gift of the Holy Spirit” outside of the context of these verses (Acts 2:38,39)? Or should we read the whole context for the best picture? Undoubtedly the latter.
The Promise of the Holy Spirit
Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. (Acts 2:37-39)
The Forgiveness of Sins
[Correspondent] E.S. (Coventry) writes:—
Whose Sins Are Covered?
"Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins." (James 5:20)
This is a word which does not occur frequently in the Scriptures,—in fact it is not found at all in the Old Testament, and only three times in the New. The first passage in which it occurs is Romans 3:25, where we read with respect to Jesus Christ—“Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood.” The next instance is 1 John 2:2, “And he is the propitiation for our sins”; and the only other passage is 1 John 4:10, “Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us, and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.”
Pastor Sean Finnegan’s “Why Did Jesus Die?"
Thinking Christians have theorized in many ways about “atonement.” Just what it is about Jesus’ death on the cross that reconciles humans to their maker? Was it to pay a ransom? Was it an example for us to imitate? Was it a form of substitution, wherein Jesus absorbed God’s wrath in our place, enabling God to forgive you? Was it a victory over the forces of evil? Or what?
Dr. Joshua Thurow on Theories of the Atonement
Often you hear Christians say, “Jesus died for our sins. Jesus provided atonement, to reconcile God and humans. Jesus paid a debt we could never pay ourselves. Jesus was willingly a sacrifice for our sins.” How should a thinking Christian understand these claims?
ab-so-lū ́shun (translation of verbs λύω, lúō, “loose,” etc., and ἀφίημι, aphíēmi, “release,” “give up,” etc.): Not a Biblical, but an ecclesiastical term, used to designate the official act described in Matthew 16:19: “Whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven,” and Matthew 18:18: “What things soever ye shall loose,” etc., and interpreted by John 20:23: “Whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them” (see KEYS, POWER OF). The Roman church regards this as the act of a properly ordained priest, by which, in the sacrament of Penance, he frees from sin one who has confessed and made promise of satisfaction. Protestants regard the promise as given not to any order within the church, but to the congregation of believers, exercising its prerogative through the Christian ministry, as its ordinary executive. They differ as to whether the act be only declarative or collative. Luther regarded it as both declarative and collative, since the Word always brings that which it offers. The absolution differs from the general promise of the gospel by individualizing the promise. What the gospel, as read and preached, declares in general, the absolution applies personally. See also FORGIVENESS.
Absolution is a traditional theological term for the forgiveness experienced in the Sacrament of Penance. This concept is found in the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the Eastern Orthodox churches, the Anglican churches, Lutheran churches and Methodist churches.