The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Dress, Makeup, Jewelry
“In like manner also, (I command) that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with restraint and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array...” (1 Timothy 2:9).
My Modesty Revolution
When I was a teen, long before I became religiously observant, more than anything in the world, I wanted to be thin. I had been obese since childhood, feeling like a spectator on the sidelines of life, and I would have given anything to look like the beautiful women I saw in magazines. One of my ultimate fantasies was losing all the weight and going out to buy myself a glamorous bathing suit.
Why I Choose to Dress Modestly
If one more person tells me that I need to be “liberated,” I’m going to have a fit.
(1.) Materials used. The earliest and simplest an apron of fig-leaves sewed together (Genesis 3:7); then skins of animals (3:21). Elijah’s dress was probably the skin of a sheep (2 Kings 1:8). The Hebrews were early acquainted with the art of weaving hair into cloth (Exodus 26:7; 35:6), which formed the sackcloth of mourners. This was the material of John the Baptist’s robe (Matthew 3:4). Wool was also woven into garments (Leviticus 13:47; Deuteronomy 22:11; Ezekiel 34:3; Job 31:20; Proverbs 27:26). The Israelites probably learned the art of weaving linen when they were in Egypt (1 Chronicles 4:21). Fine linen was used in the vestments of the high priest (Exodus 28:5), as well as by the rich (Genesis 41:42; Proverbs 31:22; Luke 16:19). The use of mixed material, as wool and flax, was forbidden (Leviticus 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:11).
Attire; Dyed Attire
a-tīr ́: “Can a virgin forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire?” asks the prophet Jeremiah in hot remonstrance against Israel’s unfaithfulness. “Yet,” saith Yahweh, “my people have forgotten me” (Jeremiah 2:32). “And I saw that she was defiled,” cries Ezekiel against Jerusalem; “she saw men ... girded with girdles upon their loins, with flowing turbans [AV exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads,... after the likeness of the Babylonians in Chaldea,... and ... she doted upon them ...” (Ezekiel 23:13-16). “And, behold, there met him,” says the author of Proverbs (7:10) in his description of the “strange woman,” that “lieth in wait at every street corner,” “a woman with the attire of a harlot, and wily of heart,” whose “house is the way to Sheol” (Proverbs 7:27). These passages show how diversely and elastically the term “attire” was used among the Hebrews. The numerous synonyms for “dress,” “attire,” “apparel,” “clothes,” “raiment,” “garment,” etc., found in English Versions of the Bible, reflect a similar wealth of nomenclature in the original Hebrew and Greek; but the lack of exactness and consistency in the renderings of translators makes the identification of the various articles of dress referred to very difficult, sometimes impossible. See DRESS.
In the Hebrew and Greek there is a wonderful wealth of terminology having to do with the general subject of dress among the ancient Orientals. This is reflected in the numerous synonyms for “dress” to be found in English Versions of the Bible, “apparel,” “attire,” “clothes,” “raiment,” “garments,” etc. But the words used in the originals are often greatly obscured through the inconsistent variations of the translators. Besides there are few indications even in the original Hebrew or Greek of the exact shape or specific materials of the various articles of dress named, and so their identification is made doubly difficult. In dealing with the subject, therefore, the most reliable sources of information, apart from the meaning of the terms used in characterization, are certain well-known facts about the costumes and dress-customs of the orthodox Jews, and others about the forms of dress worn today by the people of simple life and primitive habits in modern Palestine. Thanks to the ultraconservatism and unchanging usages of the nearer East, this is no mean help. In the endeavor to discover, distinguish and deal with the various oriental garments, then, we will consider:
Dress, (does not occur in Scripture in the sense of clothing, but only in the older acceptation of preparing or tilling). SEE COSTUME.
Veil, (or Vail [q.v.]) is an essential article of female apparel in the East. SEE DRESS.