The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Was Jesus ‘Killed’?
“Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain.” (Acts 2:22,23)
The dominant Christian understanding of the atonement is the penal substitution theory, which states that Christ was punished by an angry God as a substitute for those he came to save. However, the representative or participatory understanding of the atonement was the first to be held, originating with Clement of Rome (fl. 96).¹, ², ³
Who Killed Jesus?
Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged... [and] he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, and in Hebrew, Gabbatha ... He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” Then he handed him over to them to be crucified. (John 19:1,13,15-16)
The Atonement: The Bible Doctrine of Reconciliation to God
The English phrase, “the atonement,” is found but once in the New Testament (A.V.), namely, in Romans 5:11. The passage with its context runs as follows:—
Who Killed Jesus (Secrets of the Cross Documentary)
Discover the truth behind Pontius Pilate’s role in Jesus’ death. Far from the weak character portrayed in the Bible, he was a brutal politician. Controversial and compelling, Secrets Of The Cross pushes aside centuries of tradition to expose fascinating secrets at the heart of the Christian story.
Pastor Sean Finnegan’s “Why Did Jesus Die?"
Thinking Christians have theorized in many ways about “atonement.” Just what it is about Jesus’ death on the cross that reconciles humans to their maker? Was it to pay a ransom? Was it an example for us to imitate? Was it a form of substitution, wherein Jesus absorbed God’s wrath in our place, enabling God to forgive you? Was it a victory over the forces of evil? Or what?
Apologists on How God Can Die
Can evangelical apologists answer the question “How can God die?” In doing so, they would have to tackle a triad of claims which can’t all be true:
Dr. Joshua Thurow on Theories of the Atonement
Often you hear Christians say, “Jesus died for our sins. Jesus provided atonement, to reconcile God and humans. Jesus paid a debt we could never pay ourselves. Jesus was willingly a sacrifice for our sins.” How should a thinking Christian understand these claims?