The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Golgotha: the site of Golgotha and Garden Tomb. What do we know about the site of the tomb?
David and the Head of Goliath of Gath
Everyone knows the story of David and Goliath. Many are probably not aware, however, of what happened next. That was the subject of James Hoffmeier’s recent lecture at the Bible and Archaeology Fest. “Exploring David’s Strange Antics after Defeating Goliath” looked specifically at 1 Samuel 17:53-54:
Golgatha: The Word Symbolizes A Beautiful Reality!
In the Gospels we read that our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified for our sins at a place called “Golgotha.”
The Place of a Skull
“Golgotha” is from the Hebrew “gulgoleth” (skull; it is turned into New Testament Greek as “kranion” (cranium) and in the Latin Vulgate becomes “Calvaria.” The last of these names has found its way into the English Bible and into common use simply through the influence of the Bible of the church of Rome. It should therefore be used specially by those who have strong sympathies with Rome.
The Road to Golgotha
“And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull.”
Only in Luke 23:33, the Latin name Calvaria, which was used as a translation of the Greek word Kranion, by which the Hebrew word Gulgoleth was interpreted, “the place of a skull.” It probably took this name from its shape, being a hillock or low, rounded, bare elevation somewhat in the form of a human skull. It is nowhere in Scripture called a “hill.” The crucifixion of our Lord took place outside the city walls (Hebrews 13:11-13) and near the public thoroughfare. “This thing was not done in a corner.” (See GOLGOTHA.)
gol ́gō̇-tha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgothá, from “a skull”): In three references (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) it is interpreted to mean κρανίου τόπος, kraníou tópos, “the place of a skull.” In Luke 23:33 the King James Version it is called “Calvary,” but in the Revised Version simply “The skull.” From the New Testament we may gather that it was outside the city (Hebrews 13:12), but close to it (John 19:20), apparently near some public thoroughfare (Matthew 27:39), coming from the country (Mark 15:21). was a spot visible, from some points, from afar (Mark 15:40; Luke 23:49).
Cal ́vary, a word occurring in the Auth. Vers. only in Luke 23:33, and there not as a proper name, but arising from the translators having literally adopted the word czlvaria, i.e. a bare skull, the Latin word by which the κρανίον of the evangelists is rendered in the Vulgate, κρανίον, again, being nothing but the Greek interpretation of the Hebrew GOLGOTHA SEE GOLGOTHA (q.v.).
Bearing of the Cross (ca. 1570)
Christ on the Way to Calvary
Darkness Came Over All the Land
The Procession Nearing Calvary (Le cortege arrivant au calvaire)
Reconstruction of Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre
Road to Calvary (1617)
The Road to Calvary (17th c.)
The Road to Calvary
The Road to Calvary
Calvary, also Golgotha /ˈgɒlgəθə/, was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem’s walls where Jesus was crucified. Golgotha(s) (Greek: Γολγοθᾶ; alternative later form Γολγοθᾶς) is the Greek transcription in the New Testament of an Aramaic term that has traditionally been presumed to be Gûlgaltâ (but see below for an alternative). The Bible translates the term to mean place of [the] skull, which in Greek is Κρανίου Τόπος (Kraníou Tópos), and in Latin is Calvariæ Locus, from which the English word Calvary is derived.