The following articles have been compiled and indexed by inWORD Bible software.
Babylon = Assyria
In the Old Testament, “Babylon” and “Assyria” are sometimes used interchangeably of the same political power:
Babylon first came to prominence under Hammurabi (c. 1792-50 B.C.), who gained control of all southern Mesopotamia. It came under the shadow of Assyria from the ninth century until Nineveh fell in 612 B.C. As Assyria weakened, Pharaoh Necho sought to establish Egyptian influence in Syria to the north of Israel. He defeated Josiah at Megiddo in 609 B.C. (2 Kings 23:29), but was eventually defeated by Nebuchadnezzar at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. (Jeremiah 46:2), thus paving the way for Babylon to gain pre-eminence in the region.
Nebuchadnezzar’s Image (Daniel 2)
Because of its very familiarity, the main outline of this remarkable revelation will be treated in relatively brief fashion. Indeed, the only valid reason for spending time on it here is the often-unrecognised fact that certain features of the king’s dream seem traditionally to have been misconstrued.
Day Of The Lord (Part 1): What’s The Deal With Babylon?
The End Times. The Apostacy. The Whore of Babylon. Judgement. All of these buzz words can be sensitive subjects for Christians. But how do the Bible authors deal with the future of the world? Answer: They use a phrase called “The Day of the Lord.”
The Greek form of BABEL; Semitic form Babilu, meaning “The Gate of God.” In the Assyrian tablets it means “The city of the dispersion of the tribes.” The monumental list of its kings reaches back to B.C. 2300, and includes Khammurabi, or Amraphel (q.v.), the contemporary of Abraham. It stood on the Euphrates, about 200 miles above its junction with the Tigris, which flowed through its midst and divided it into two almost equal parts. The Elamites invaded Chaldea (i.e., Lower Mesopotamia, or Shinar, and Upper Mesopotamia, or Accad, now combined into one) and held it in subjection. At length Khammu-rabi delivered it from the foreign yoke, and founded the new empire of Chaldea (q.v.), making Babylon the capital of the united kingdom. This city gradually grew in extent and grandeur, but in process of time it became subject to Assyria. On the fall of Nineveh (B.C. 606) it threw off the Assyrian yoke, and became the capital of the growing Babylonian empire. Under Nebuchadnezzar it became one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world.
Babel; Babylon (1)
bā ́bel, bab ́i-lon (Topographical): Babylon was the Greek name of the city written in the cuneiform script of the Babylonians, bab-ili, which means in Semitic, “the gate of god.” The Hebrews called the country, as well as the city, Bābhel. This name they considered came from the’ root, bālal, “to confound” (Genesis 11:9). The name in Sumerian ideographs was written Din-tir, which means “life of the forest,” and yet ancient etymologists explained it as meaning “place of the seat of life” (shubat balâṭe). Ka-dingirra, which also means “gate of god,” was another form of the name in Sumerian. It was also called Su-anna (which is of uncertain meaning) and Uru-azagga, “the holy city.”
Babel; Babylon (2)
(בּבל, bābhēl; Assyro-Bab Bâb-îli, Bâb-îlāni, “gate of god,” or “of the gods,” rendered in Sumerian as Ka-dingira, “gate of god,” regarded as a folk-etymology): See BABEL, TOWER OF, section 14.
Babylon in the New Testament
Babylon Βαβυλῶν, Babulō̇n, is used in New Testament in at least two different senses:
shī ́nar (שׁנער, shin‛ar; Σεναάρ, Senaár, Σεν(ν)αάρ, Sen(n)aár):
Bab’ylon, (Hebrews and Chald. Babel’, בָּבֶל, Gr. Βαβυλών), the name of more than one city in the Scriptures and other ancient writings. SEE BABEL.
Babylon is Fallen (1536)
Doom of Babylon
The Fall of Babylon
Jubilation Over the Fall of Babylon
The Ruin of Babylon
The Triumph of the Lamb, the Fall of Babylon and the Harvest
Babylon (m m6 m m0-m m:m m6 Akkadian: Bābili or Babilim; Arabic: X(X'X(Y, Bābil) was a major city of ancient Mesopotamia in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The city was built upon the Euphrates and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river’s seasonal floods. Babylon was originally a small Semitic Akkadian city dating from the period of the Akkadian Empire c. 2300 BC.
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). A small Amorite-ruled state emerged in 1894 BC, which contained at this time the minor city of Babylon. Babylon greatly expanded during the reign of Hammurabi in the first half of the 18th century BC, becoming a major capital city. During the reign of Hammurabi and afterwards, Babylonia was called Māt Akkadī “the country of Akkad” in the Akkadian language.
Mesopotamia (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/, Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμία “[land] between rivers” from Ancient Armenian ???????? (Mijagetq); Arabic: بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; Kurdish: میزۆپۆتامیا Persian: میانرودان miyān rodān; Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain “land of rivers”) is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq plus Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.